Promoting Canadian Oats

Improved Integrated Disease Management for Oats (Avena sativa L.) in Saskatchewan

The Canadian Prairies produce most of North America’s oats destined for human consumption. Eastern Saskatchewan is one of the major oats growing regions in Canada and is largely concentrated in crop districts 5, 6, 8, and 9. Currently, most of Saskatchewan’s production is sold into the milling market, making quality a top priority.

These main oat growing regions in Saskatchewan often receive more moisture than other areas of the province and thus are often associated with a greater risk of foliar disease development.

Oat Pea Intercrop Demonstration

The demonstration in 2020 comprised three locations and it evaluated several seeding rates of oats when grown as a companion crop with yellow peas. Those three locations were South East Research Farm (SERF) at Redvers, Northeast Applied Research Foundation (NARF) at Melfort, and Indian Head Agricultural Research Foundation (IHARF) at Indian Head. All sites were located in Saskatchewan.

Increase The Oat Acres In Alberta By Finding A High Yielding Oat Variety That Maximizes Producer Income And Meets The Demands Of The Millers

This study was a continuous effort to collect data on 11 milling variety oat varieties in Central and Northern Alberta. The goal was to determine how variety and growing location will influence the yield and functional property attributes linked to beta-glucan levels of the oats. View the PDF below for final (2020) results.

Alberta Regional Variety Trial

This Alberta Regional Variety trial is lead by the Government of Alberta. For any additional information please contact the Government of Alberta.

Economic Value of Diversified Cropping Systems

Dr. Elwin Smith and Dr. Danny LeRoy

The annual status report features progress on objectives from 2019-2020.

Final Report for Agricultural Demonstration of Practices and Technologies (ADOPT) Program

Lana Shaw, Garry Hnatowich, Jessica Pratchler, Robin Lokken, Chris Holzapfel, and Brian Nybo

An oat-pea intercrop may be planted as a grain crop and local evaluation of seeding rates is needed to asses crop value, agronomic characteristics, and flexibility for end use. A combination of pea and oat may have higher LER and crop value than either monocrop on their own. Also, grain intercrops may improve agronomic characteristics of pea by reducing or mitigating lodging, disease, and insect damage. This project investigated the effect of varying the oat seeding rate as a companion crop with pea to determine whether there is a consistent optimum balance of the two crops. View the PDF below for final report.

Click to Read Report

Development of an oat based beverage rich in dietary fiber and protein

Dr. Lingyun Chen

One of the project’s primary goals is to develop a ready-to-drink beverage enriched with beta-glucan and protein from oats.

Development of markers linked to oat crown rust resistance to help breed improved varieties for Saskatchewan producers

Reporting Period: January 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Dr. Aaron Beattie

Good progress on the objectives for project 20180264 were made in 2019-20, despite the significant slow down in the past 6 months due to COVID-19. Phenotyping of populations segregating for Pc40 and Pc46 were accomplished, genotyping of populations segregating for Pc40, Pc46, Pc62 and Pc67 were done and markers linked to Pc98 were identified. New populations for mapping of Pc46 and Pc67 were created and are ready for phenotyping. Two adult plant resistance mapping populations were phenotyped in the field in 2019 and have been planted for a second year of phenotyping in 2020. Due to work being done on Pc50 by a U.S. group, the McCartney group has decided to instead focus on mapping Pc48. The 6 month delay due to COVID-19 may impact our ability to deliver results by the current end-date of the project.

Click to Read Progress Report

Breeding milling oat varieties with improved agronomic, quality and disease traits for Saskatchewan oat

Reporting Period: January 1, 2019 – June 30, 2020
Dr. Aaron Beattie

Good progress on the objectives for project 20180260 was made in 2019-20 with all intended activities being completed. The 2019 growing season was again a very challenging year characterized by extremely dry conditions with below average temperatures in Saskatchewan. From May 1-August 31 Saskatoon received 1,202 GDD (5°C base) with the 5-year average being 1,348 GDD, and received 122 mm of precipitation with the 30-year average being 216 mm. At the Kernen Crop Research Farm (KCRF) spring soil conditions were below normal and no rain was received between May 1 and June 12. As a result, some trials showed uneven germination and a second flush of germination in late June once rain was received. This resulted in plots having plants at multiple stages of maturity and some trials were abandoned. Overall, plots at Goodale, Preston, Seed Farm, Melfort, and Codette SK, Lacombe, AB, and Ft. Whyte, Roblin, Portage-la-Prairie and Brandon, MB were uniform and provided good data. Rain was received in late August and throughout September which led to a late harvest. Harvest began on August 22 and was completed by September 24 with no frost received prior to completion. Good data was produced from most sites during the 2019 season and all material moved through the program normally. During the summer 2,621 lines were evaluated at disease nurseries coordinated by the University of Saskatchewan for crown rust, stem rust, smut, fusarium head blight and barley yellow dwarf virus. Over the winter a total of 28,241 marker data points were collected on breeding material related to four crown rust resistance genes and one quality trait, and 24,131 analyses were conducted in the quality lab for beta-glucan, total dietary fiber, protein, oil, fatty acids and groat percentage. Fifty-three new crosses were made in 2019, including three crosses to incorporate the hairless groat characteristic. No new lines were registered in the past year, but two promising lines moved into the second year of registration testing in 2020.