Research in Progress

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Research Topic: Intercropping/Other

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Myriam Fernandez, AAFC
  • Project Dates: April 2019 – March 2024
  • Abstract/Summary: This project will look at the relationship between various intercrop dynamics to see where benefits can occur. Intercrop species use soil available nutrients and soil moisture, and at given times inter- and intra-competition are expected. Specifically, the project will look to determine if intercrops with crops or a living mulch can reduce weeds compared to sole crops and will look at various seeding ratios to evaluate impact on each crop. It will aim to identify if there is a nitrogen benefit from legumes in the intercrop to its companion crop, as well as look to determine the biomass and grain yield/quality due to the intercrop dynamics. It will also look at the disease pressures, and evaluate if intercrops have less disease than monocrops, as well as develop crop growth and nutrient models for intercrop verses monocrop scenarios.
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Research Topic: Fertility/Climate/Environment

4R Management: Right Rate and Placement for Fertilizer in Oats

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Northeast Agriculture Research Foundation (NARF).
  • Project Dates: April 2022-February 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: The purpose of this demonstration is to highlight the impact of fertilizer placement and rate on oat establishment, seed yields and quality. Oat response to various macronutrients has been investigated, and research has shown that oats are responsive to additions of nitrogen and sometimes phosphate. Prior research has not included different fertilizer placement methods. Some research in this area has been done on wheat, showing different responses and impacts from various placements. The intention is to demonstrate different fertilizer placements at seeding, and determine where or not these affect plant stands, yields, or crop quality. This project is funded by ADOPT.

Research Topic: Fertility/Climate/Environment

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Mike Hall, through AgriARM
  • Project Dates: April 2022 – Feb 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: The objective of this project is to demonstrate the response of a modern oat varieties to the historically recommended rate of 60 lb N /ac against the more recently suggested recommendation of 90 lb N/ac, and to determine the relative importance of adding phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and sulphur (S) for these different nitrogen (N) recommendations in eastern Saskatchewan. The influence of treatment on oat yield, lodging and test weight will be determined. This project is funded by the ADOPT program.
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Research Topic: Variety/Trials

Oat Lodging: Identifying key root and shoots traits for improved standability

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Aaron Beattie, CDC
    Dr. Allan Feurtado, NRC
  • Project Dates: April 2022 – March 2025
  • Abstract/Summary: This project will evaluate root system architecture in oat cultivars which vary in lodging resistance. It will evaluate stem and root lodging in field trials; assess impact of seeding rate on key stem and root lodging-related traits; assess the correlation between various root phenotyping methods; and compare root system architecture between Canadian oat germplasm and a diverse set of oat germplasm. Lodging and mechanical failure of the stem or root system is a significant issue for oats, leading to yield reductions for producers. Identifying root and stem traits important for lodging resistance will lead to enhancements in breeding cultivars with high standability. This project is co-funded by the Saskatchewan Agriculture Development Fund (ADF).

Research Topic: Variety/Trials

Oat varietal response to plant growth regulators

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Brianne McInnes at the Northeast Agriculture Research Foundation (NARF) and Chris Holzapfel at Indian Head Agricultural Research (IHARF)
  • Project Dates: April 2022 – February 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: This project will look at the responses of different oat milling varieties to applications ofthe registered plant growth regulators (PGRs) Moddus and Manipulator. Through previous research, both products have been found to decrease plant height, which diminishes the risk of lodging in cereal crops. Lodging has the potential to cause yield losses of 7-35% in cereal crops and can subsequently lead to significant reductions in grain quality. Plant height in oats is often increased with enhanced fertility as more available N results in more rapid plant growth. It is suspected that different varieties will respond differently to PGR applications as a result of different genetics for yield, lodging, and height characteristics.

Research Topic: Oat Breeding

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Kirby Nilsen, AAFC Brandon Research Centre
  • Project Dates: April 2018 –March 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: Developing milling quality oat cultivars suitable for organic production in western Canada, and potentially across Canada. Dr. Nilsen will evaluate and identify germplasm with high levels of genetically conferred disease resistance, and develop oat cultivars with durable resistance, especially to oat rusts, with acceptable milling qualitysuitable for organically managed production systems in western Canada, and for the ever-increasing organic markets.
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Research Topic: Oat Breeding

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Jim Dyck, Oat Advantage
  • Project Dates: August 2021 – July 2026
  • Abstract/Summary: This private breeding facility has supplied five new oat varieties for the Prairie provinces which contribute to over 200,000 oat acres. This research project is targeting a 10% higher bushel weight, low hull content, high protein, harvest durability, and ultimately high yielding and valued oat varieties. Heavy oats are a focus for Oat Advantage, as the improvement on weight is expected to yield benefits in transportation and storage.
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Research Topic: Intercropping/Other

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Peiqiang Yu, University of Saskatchewan
  • Project Dates: April 2016 – March 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: This project aims to increase and enhance basic knowledge of the optimal nutrient supply to dairy cattle through variety selection, feed processing, and optimal feed ingredient blending. Objectives within this project include: finding the best oat variety or type of oat grain with the highest Feed Milk Value (FMV) for dairy cattle; improving the FMV of oats through processing applications; and finding the maximum or optimum level of oats to replace barley in high production lactation dairy cow diets. Among other things, this project will carry out a detailed metabolic study in dairy cattle to understand the effects of feed processing on rumen fermentation, degradation kinetics, intestinal digestion, and truly absorbed nutrient supply from Prairie oat grains to dairy cattle using various techniques.
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Research Topic: Fertility/Climate/Environment

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Elwin Smith and Dr. Danny LeRoy
  • Project Dates: April 2018 – October 2022
  • Abstract/Summary: While some short rotations are currently profitable, the lack of diversification in a cropping system can be detrimental to maintaining crop yield and profitability. This study will look at determining the net return and the variability of net return, associated with cropping systems of different rotation length and diversity of crops. This project will be completed in 2022.
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Research Topic: Fertility/Climate/Environment

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Kate Congreves at the University of Saskatchewan
  • Project Dates: January 2021 – December 2024
  • Abstract/Summary: There is no direct annual data on net carbon footprints of Saskatchewan cropping systems. This project will address this gap by providing spatially and temporally integrated data on greenhouse gas (GHG; N2O and CO2) emissions at the field scale level. This information will be used to determine net ecosystem exchange and the net carbon footprint of the cropping system.
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Research Topic: Nutrition/Product Creation

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Sijo Joseph, AAFC
  • Project Dates: August 2020 – March 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: The objective of this project is to provide scientific evidence of the specific health attributes of oat protein in reducing abnormal levels of cholesterol and glucose, and thereby generate preliminary data for an oat protein health claim petition. Ultimately, the Canadian oat industry could capitalize on new opportunities for marketing efforts with new evidence promoting the health benefits of adding oats in a diet. This information will enable the Canadian oat industry to meet consumer expectations in search of value-added oat products both at home and worldwide.
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Research Topic: Nutrition/Product Creation

Understanding the Impact of Particle Size on Physicochemical Properties and Nutritional Benefits of Pulse and Oat Flours

  • Project Status: In Progress
  • Principal Investigators: Dr. Yongfeng Ai, University of Saskatchewan
  • Project Dates: January 2019 – February 2023
  • Abstract/Summary: This project will address two interlinked but distinct research gaps:
    1) investigate the effects of milling/processing of pulse and cereal flours on their physicochemical functionality in foods.
    2) determine the impact of milling on nutritional benefits of pulses and cereals with a focus on postprandial glycemia and insulinemia.
    The first priority will generate the new knowledge and technologies needed in the food industry to produce high-quality food ingredients with functional versatility, and the latter will support future health claims to promote the consumption of heathy pulse and cereal products.
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